Anzac Day, 25 April, is one of Australia's and New Zealand's most important national occasions. It marks the anniversary of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) landing in Gallipoli in 1915, the first major military action fought by Australian and New Zealand forces during the First World War.
The soldiers who landed in Gallipoli quickly became known as Anzacs, and the pride they took in that name endures to this day. The spirit of the original Anzacs — courage, mateship and sacrifice — has passed to all who served our countries. This spirit forms part of Australia's and New Zealand’s national identities.
Anzac Day is a day of national remembrance for Australians and New Zealanders. We remember and reflect on the service of our men and women in all conflicts and in peacekeeping operations. We honour those who gave the ultimate sacrifice so that our nations may enjoy the freedoms they have today. And we pay our respects to those who continue to serve our nations today.
In 2021 the embassy was honoured to receive special memorial boards to recognise the Australians who fought in central Europe during the Second World War.
Thanks to the research of Mr Nigel Earnshaw, we can continue to share their stories by publicly displaying the boards at the embassy.
Interactive map: Anzacs in Austria and Hungary
You can now explore the stories of the 43 Anzacs who died in Austria and Hungary through this special interactive map.
Tip: Zoom in and click on each of the icons on the map to read their stories.
Jack Emmott was a 20 year old pilot flying his 8th mission in Wellington bombers when his aircraft went missing in an attack on rail yards in Hungary on 22 November 1944.
After the war it was learned that their target had been heavily protected by enemy fighters and that his aircraft had exploded mid-air, falling to the ground over a wide area near Kámaházapuszta. Jack and his crew were buried by locals and later reinterred at Solymar CWGC near Budapest. At 20 years of age Jack was the youngest member of his squadron to die in the war.
Bob Flegg was a member of the St Kilda Football Club side in 1941, and was its top goal kicker, having kicked 47 goals that year. He left his promising career to become an RAAF bomber pilot in 1942. Bob was allocated to number 70 Squadron RAF and flew numerous missions into Europe.
On the night of 6/ 7 July 1944 Bob's aircraft was shot down during an attack on Luftwaffe fighter bases near Krems, Austria. The operation caused significant damage to this important airfield, grounding many enemy fighters. However, the cost was severe. Ten Wellington bombers, two Liberators, and one Halifax aircraft failed to return out of a force of 57. Bob and his crew were buried nearby, then reinterred at Klagenfurt Commonwealth War Cemetery after the war. He was 25 when he died.
Jack Irwin was a New Zealander working in Melbourne for The Age newspaper when he enlisted in the RAAF in 1942. He was trained to fly Mosquito fighter bombers and had completed numerous ground attack and photo reconnaissance missions before he was killed near Vienna in 1944.
Jack and his British co-pilot, Leo Moody, were attempting to make their way to Italy after a mission in Munich when they were attacked by a fighter, possibly flown by Luftwaffe ace Horst Carganico. Jack went down with the aircraft, crashing near Aspangberg. Jack’s and Leo's remains were recovered by locals and buried nearby but reinterred at Klagenfurt Commonwealth War Cemetery after the war. Jack was 21 when he died.
Albert Reynolds was a West Australian who fought as an infantryman in numerous battles including Bardia, Tobruk, Derna, Benghazi, Greece and Crete.
In Crete, Albert was shot in the chest and captured during fighting at Rethymno. He recovered from his wounds in a prison hospital and was sent to Stalag 18A at Wolfsberg, Austria. As a prisoner, Albert survived a typhus epidemic but was killed alongside 36 others during an Allied air raid that mistakenly bombed the camp on 18 December 1944. He was buried at the camp cemetery and reinterred at Klagenfurt Commonwealth War Cemetery after the war. Albert was 34 when he was killed.
The contents of this page were kindly provided by Nigel Earnshaw.
Photo credits: National Archives of Australia, www.saints.com.au, Nigel Earnshaw.